Edwards, John, b. 1742 / A select collection of one hundred plates: consisting of the most beautiful, exotic and British flowers which blow in our English gardens: accurately drawn and coloured from nature, with their botanic characters, and a short account of their cultivation, their uses in medicine, with the Latin and English names
[Common red sage; Carnation], pp. 12-Plate 24 ff.
A 2] . . r%' V"VTIT-T Salvia. ~Turn. In. R. H. x8o. rab. 83. Lin. Gen. Plant. 39. ("u called from Salw, w Salz I', i. e. the Health of Ljf) Sage; in French, Saug'e. 1The Characters are, THE Empalement of the Flower is tubulous, of one Leaf, ftriated, and large at the Mout it is cut into four Parts, as reprefented at A ; the Flower is of the Lip Kind, of one Petal. Part is tubulous; the upper Part is large and compreffed, the upper Lip is Concave incurVei dented at the Point ; the lower Lip is broad and trifid, the middle Segment being large rog indented. It has two ifort Stamina, as B, which itand tranfverfe to the Lip, and are fix middle to the Tube, to whole Tops are fixed Glands, upon the upper Side of which fit the it has a four-pointed Germen, as C, fupporting a long flender Style, reprefented at D, fituatei the Stamina crowned by a bifid Stigma, E. The Germen afterward becomes four roundi which ripen in the Empalement. THIs Genus of Plants is ranged in the firff Secaiorn of L~inneus's fecond Clafs, entitled D MONOGYNIA, which includes thofe Plants, whofe Flowers have two Stamina and one Style. , places it in the tirfi Section of his fourth Clafs, which contains the Herbs with a Lip Flow Petal, whofe upper Lip is hooked. This Specie is, SALvIA foliis lanceolatis ovatis integris crenulatis, floribus verticillato fpicatis. Sage, wi thaped, oval, entire Leaves, which are flightly crenated on their Edges, and Flowers growing it Spikes. This is the Salvia major. C. B. P. The greater Sage. Mill. Sp. Ift. THIS Sort grows naturally in the fouthern Parts of Ezerope, but ttfe; it is a Variety of the greater Sage, and is ufed as a Medicinal Nigra. The Stalks of this grow upright, and divide into feveral Bra broad .Heart-fhaped woolly Leaves, fianding upon long Foot Stalks, Edges, and the upper Surfaces are rough ; the Leaves which are UFp fLaped and Rand upon (horter Foot Stalks, the Flowers grow upon v of the Branches; the Whorls are pretty far diffant, and but few Flower it Flowers in fuly and the Seeds ripen in Autumn. P L A T E XXII Dianthus. Lin. Gen. Plant. 565. Caryopbyllus, Raii. Meth. Plant. io( Flower, in French, Oeillet, commonly called Caj THE Charaders are, THE Flower hath a long cylindrical Empalement, A, which is whofe Tails are as long as the Empalenment, but their upper Part is br Borders ; thefe are inferted in the Bottom of the Tube, and fpread op reprefented at B, which are as long as the Empalement, terminated I as C; in the Center is fituated an oval Germen, D, fupporting two Sty longer than the Stamina, crowned by recurved Stigmaa: the Germen Capfiule with One Cell, opening in four\Parts at the Top, and filled with THIS Genus of Plants is ranged in the fecond Seafion of Lin" vs't DIGYNJIA, the Flowers having ten Stamina and one Style; Tournefort j eghteenth Clafs, which includes the Herbs with a Clove Gilly Flow Fruit. THIs is the DiANTHUS floribus folitariis fquamis calycinis fubovatis breviffimis, with Flowers growing fingly, a fcaly Empalement, which is ihort, a known by the Appellation of Carnation with a flaked Flower. TnERE are great Varieties of this Flower in the Gardens of the proved them greatly by Culture, but they frequently alter in, their ta with fpotted Flowers, called Piquettees, were chiefly cultivated, but do not burft their Empalement, and are termed Whole Blowers, are.in of them which have full Stripes in their Petals, with lively Colours, wI jagged at their Edges, as the Sort reprefented here; thefe are termed by FIwers, to diffingulth them from the Piquettees, as every Seafon furni Flowers, fo there are Titles giveu them according to the fancy of the O the Seeds ripen in Autumn. M~ll
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