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Wharton, Edith (1862-1937); Codman Jr., Ogden (1863-1951) / The decoration of houses

X: the drawing-room, boudoir, and morning-room,   pp. 122-133

Page 122

THE "with-drawing-room" of medi~val England, to which
     the lady and her maidens retired from the boisterous fes-
tivities of the hall, seems at first to have been merely a part of the
bedchamber in which the lord and lady slept.   In time it came
to be screened off from the sleeping-room ; then, in the king's
palaces, it became a separate room for the use of the queen and
her damsels ; and so, in due course, reached the nobleman's
castle, and established itself as a permanent part of English
  In France the evolution of the salon seems to have proceeded on
somewhat different lines.  During the middle ages and the early
Renaissance period, the more public part of the nobleman's life
was enacted in the hall, or grand'salle, while the social and
domestic side of existence was transferred to the bedroom.  This
was soon divided into two rooms, as in England.    In France,
however, both these rooms contained beds; the inner being the
real sleeping-chamber, while in the outer room, which was used
not only for administering justice and receiving visits of state,
but for informal entertainments and the social side of family life,
the bedstead represented the lord's lit de parade, traditionally
associated with state ceremonial and feudal privileges.

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