Lyon, Irving Whitall, 1840-1896. / The colonial furniture of New England
Chapter II. Cupboards., pp. -72
CHAPTER II. CUPBOARDS. IN a list of the accounts of the constables of the Castle of Dover, dated December 20, 1344, "j. tabu- lam vocalam coppebord" is mentioned. In another, dated January 26, 1361, we find the item, "j. table appelle cupbord." How much earlier than the year 1344 the word cupboard appears in our language we do not know. It was used at first, literally, to des. ignate the table or board on which the cups were placed. It is believed by most antiquaries that these early cupboards were in the main open structures, and it is possible that they remained so during the fourteenth century and a portion of the fifteenth. In the houses of great personages the cupboard was sometimes a very stately piece of furniture, with steps or stages, on which during feasts the house- hold plate was displayed with great ostentation. The high cupboard in the item, "De viijd. rec. pro ij pannis lineis pro alto copard," in the inventory of Thomas De Dalby, Archdeacon of Richmond, made May 2 1, 14o, and published by the Surtees Society, may have been one of these grand pieces.
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