The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The iron founder., p. 59
59 THE IRON FOUNDER. IRON is employed in three states, each having peculiar properties, by which it is applicable to various purposes; the first is cast iron; the second wrought, or mal- leable iron; and the third is called steel. In a cast iron manufactory there is a large furnace. As soon as the 'metal is melted, the founder takes a ladle full of the liquid for the purpose of casting some article, the form of which is moulded out in stiff sand. It must be readily conceived that this business requires great strength, and a constitution that will bear a vast degree of heat. In summer time it is very labori- ous, and the men who are employed are obliged to have a plenty of beer. The fur- nace is filled with ore and charcoal or coke. The metal is generally made so hot that it will keep boiling for some time in the sand. For chimney backs, hearths of ovens, fronts of stoves, and other small articles, the founder takes the metal out of the receiver in large ladles, from which he pours it into moulds of fine sand. For the more intricate cases of Iron foundry, moulds are 'formed of loam or clay, which are made nearly as the mouldings of plaister for busts, &c.
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