The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The calico printer., pp. 26 ff.
26 THE CALICO PRINTER THE art of Calico printing, or cloth printing, that is, of dyeing in certain colours, particular spots of the cloth, while the ground shall be of a different colour, or entirely white, is undoubtedly a branch of chemistry. The pattern is first drawn on paper the whole breadth of the cloth intended to be printed; the workman then divides the pattern into several parts according to its size, each part being about eight inches broad, by twelve inches long ; each distinct part or pat- tern thus divided, is cut out upon wood- en blocks, and this is the most curious part of the process. The manner of printing with wooden prints is very easy if there be only two colours, as green and blue; or black and a white ground; then the block requires only to be dip- ped in the printing ink, and impressed on the cloth. When more colours are used thev are then laid on with a brush or brushes and impressed with the hand. The machines used in Calico printing are of two kinds, the flat press and the rolling or cylinder press. The flat press was origi- nally confined to one colour, but modern ima- provements have extended it to two or three.
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