Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Species 5. Anas boschas. The mallard, pp. -302
"SPECIES 5. dNYdS BOSCHdS. THE MALLARD. [Plate LXX.-Fig. 7.] LATH. Syn. m,p. 489.-BEWICK, rIp. 291.-Le Canard Sauvage, BRISS. vi, p. 518. 4.--BUFF. ix, P. 115. pl. 7, 8.-PEALE'S -U- seum, .o. 2864.* THE Mallard, or common Wild Drake, is so universally known as scarcely to require a description. It measures twen- ty-four inches in length, by three feet in extent, and weighs upwards of two pounds and a half;t the bill is greenish yellow; irides hazel; head and part of the neck deep glossy changeable green, ending in a narrow collar of white; the rest of the neck and breast are of a dark purplish chestnut; lesser wing coverts brown ash, greater crossed near the extremities with a band of white, and tipt with another of deep velvetty black; below this lies the speculum, or beauty spot, of a rich and splendid light purple, with green and violet reflexions, bounded on every side with black; quills pale brownish ash; back brown, skirted with paler; scapulars whitish, crossed with fine undulating lines of black; rump and tail coverts black glossed with green, ter- tials very broad and pointed at the ends; tail consisting of eigh- teen feathers, whitish, centred with brown ash, the four middle ones excepted, which are narrow, black glossed with violet, re - * .3nas Boschas, GxEL. SjSt. I, p. 538, XoV*. 40.-Inl. Ornz. p. 850, A'o. 49.- .rct. Zool. .Yo. 494.-Br. Zool. .o. 279.-Le canard Sauvage, P1. Enl. 776, male; 777, female.-PEALE'S Museum, No. 2865, female. f Mr. Ord shot a male on the Delaware, in the month of April, whichi, weighed three pounds five ounces; and he saw them in Florida, in the win- ter, when they are fatter than in the spring' of greater weight. In the month of March he shot two females, in East Florida, weighing two pounds each.
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