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Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Vol. III (1829)

Species 2. Tringa solitaria. Solitary sandpiper,   pp. [127]-128

Page [127]

               SOLITARY SANDPIPER.
                  [Plate LVIII. -Fig. 3.]
                PEALE'S .useum, XO. 7763.*
  THIS new species inhabits the watery solitudes of our high-
est mountains during the summer, from Kentucky to New York;
but is no where numerous, seldom more than one or two being
seen together. It takes short low flights; runs nimbly about
among the mossy margins of the mountain springs, brooks and
pools, occasionally stopping, looking at you, and perpetually
nodding the head. It is so unsuspicious, or so little acquainted
with man, as to permit one to approach within a few yards of
it, without appearing to take any notice, or to be the least alarm-
ed. At the approach of cold weather, it descends to the muddy
shores of our large rivers, where it is occasionally met with,
singly, on its way to the south. I have made many long and
close searches for the nest of this bird, without success. They
regularly breed on Pocano mountain, between Easton and Wil-
kesbarre, in Pennsylvania, arriving there early in May, and
departing in September. It is usually silent, unless when sud-
denly flushed, when it utters a sharp whistle.
  This species has considerable resemblance, both in manners
and markings, to the Green Sandpiper of Europe (Tringa Och-
rsopw); but differs from that bird in being nearly one-third less,
and in wanting the white rump and tail-coverts of that species;
it is also destitute of its silky olive green plumage. How far
north its migrations extend I am unable to say.
  The Solitary Sandpiper is eight inches and a half long, and
fifteen inches in extent; the bill is one inch and a quarter in
* Tolanusglareolus, ORD'S reprint, vii, p. 57.-Totanus chloropygius, VIr1LL
Prince Musignano, Gen. v;\ q. Firds.

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