Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Species 3. Scolopax gallinago. Snipe, pp. -111
SPECIES 3. SCOLOPdX GdLLINPGO.* SNIPE. [Plate XLVII.-Fig. 1.] THIS bird is well known to our sportsmen; and, if not the same, has a very near resemblance of the common Snipe of Eu- rope. It is usually known by the name of the English Snipe, to distinguish it from the Woodcock, and from several others of the same genus. It arrives in Pennsylvania about the tenth of March, and remains in the low grounds for several weeks; the greater part then move off to the north, and to the higher in- land districts to breed. A few are occasionally found, and con- sequently breed, in our low marshes during the summer. When they first arrive, they are usually lean; but when in good order are accounted excellent eating. They are, perhaps, the most difficult to shoot of all our birds, as they fly in sudden zig-zag lines, and very rapidly. Great numbers of these birds winter in the rice grounds of the southern states, where, in the month of February, they appeared to be much tamer than they are usu- ally here, as I frequently observed them running about among the springs and watery thickets. I was told by the inhabitants, that they generally disappeared early in the spring. On the twentieth of March I found these birds extremely numerous on the borders of the ponds near Louisville, Kentucky; and also in the neighbourhood of Lexington in the same state, as late as In consequence of Wilson's doubts, whether this bird was the S. Gallmnago or not, he gave no synonymes. The Prince of Musignano, convinced that it was a distinct species, adopted for it the name of Brehmii, under the impression that it was identical with the Snipe lately discovered in Germany, and described un- V6er the above mentioned name. It appears to be neither the Gallinago nor the Brelhmii, but a bird peculiar to our country: In Mr. Ord's supplement to Wilson's Ornithology, it is classed under the name of Scolopax delicate.
Based on date of publication, this material is presumed to be in the public domain.| For information on re-use, see http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright