Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Order III. Passeres. Passerine. Genus 31. Sturnus. Starling. Species. S. predatorius. Red-winged starling, pp. [unnumbered]-93
ORDER III. PASSERES. PASSERINE. GENUS S3. STURNUS. STARLING SPECIES. S. PREDtITORIUS. RED-WINGED STARLING. [Plate XXX.-Fig. 1, Male.-Fig. 2, Female.] Oriolus phlwniceus, LINN. Syst. 1 61.-lRed-winged Oriole, .Irct. Zool. 255, NJo. 140.-lcterus pteropheenicieus, BRISS. u, 97.-- Le Commandeur, BUFF. II, 214. Pl. Eni. 402.-LATHT. I, 428.- dcolchichi, FERNAND. JV'ov. Hisp. p. 14. Red-winged Starling, CATESB.P. 13.-PEALE'S Aiuseum, No. 1466, 1467. THIs notorious and celebrated corn-thief, the long reputed plunderer and pest of our honest and laborious farmers, now presents himself before us, with his copartner in iniquity,* to receive the character due for their very active and distinguished services. In investigating the nature of these, I shall endeav- our to render strict historical justice to this noted pair; adhering to the honest injunctions of the poet, ",Nothing extenuate, "Nor set down aught in malice." Let the reader devest himself equally of prejudice, and we shall be at no loss to ascertain accurately their true character. The Red-winged Starlings, though generally migratory in the states north of Maryland, are found during winter in immense flocks, sometimes associated with the Purple Grakles, and often by themselves, along the whole lower parts of Virginia, both Carolinas, Georgia and Louisiana, particulary near the sea- coast, and in the vicinity of large rice and corn fields. In the * Wilson here alludes to the Pileated Woodpecker, which in the original edition precedes the Red-winged Starling.
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