Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Species 3. Picus auratus. Golden-winged woodpecker, pp. -26
SPECIES 3. PICUS d UR9 TUS. GOLDEN-WINGED WOODPECKER. [Plate III.-Fig. 1. ] Le Pic aur ailes dordes, BUFFON, vii, 39. P1. Ent. 693.-Picus auratus, LINN. Syst. 174.-Cuculus alis de auratis, KLEIN, P. SO.-CATESBY, I, 18.-LA'IHAM, II, 597.-BARTRAM, p. 289.- PEALE'S Museum, So. 1 938.* THIS elegant bird is well known to our farmers and junior sportsmen, who take every opportunity of destroying him; the former for the supposed trespasses he commits on their Indian corn, or the trifle he will bring in market, and the latter for the mere pleasure of destruction, and perhaps for the flavour of his flesh, which is in general esteem. In the state of Pennsylvania he can scarcely be called a bird of passage, as even in severe win- ters they may be found within a few miles of the city of Phila- delphia; and I have known them exposed for sale in market every week during the months of November, December and January, and that too in more than commonly rigorous weather. They, no doubt, partially migrate, even here; being much more nu- merous in spring and fall than in winter. Early in the month of April they begin to prepare their nest, which is built in the hollow body or branch of a tree, sometimes, though not always, at a considerable height from the ground; for I have frequently known them fix on the trunk of an old apple-tree, at not more than six feet from the root. The sagacity of this bird in dis- covering, under a sound bark, a hollow limb or trunk of a tree, and its perseverance in perforating it for the purpose of incuba- * We add the following synonymes:-Cuculus auratus, LisN. Syst. ed. 10, 1, 112.-GxEL. Syst. 1, 430.-LATH. Ind. Orn. p. 242.-Picus Canadensis stri- atits, BRuss. 4, 72.- -Pxx- .rct. Zool. .Vo. 158.
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