Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Genus 13. Corvus. Crow. Species 1. C. corax. Raven, pp. -170
GENUS 13. CORVUS. CROW. SPECIES 1. C. COR-RX. RAVEN. [Plate LXXV.-Fig. 3.] GMEL. Syst. I, p. 364.-Ind. Orn. p. 150.-Le Corbeau, BRIss. 2, P. 8, et var.-BUFF. Ois. 3, P. 13. P1. enl. 495.-TEMM. Man. d' Orn. p. 107.-Rcaven. LATH. Gen. Syn. i, p. 367. Id. sup. p. 74.-PENN. Brit. Zool. .Alo. 74. .rct. Zool. JXo. 1 34.-SHAW, Gen. Zool. 7, p. 341.-Bi WICK, I, P. 100.--Low, Fauna Orca- densis, p. 45.--PEALE'S Museum, .)Vo. 175. A KNOWLEDGE of this celebrated bird has been handed down to us from the earliest ages; and its history is almost coeval with that of man. In the best and most ancient of all books, we learn, that at the end of forty days, after the great flood had covered the earth, Noah, wishing to ascertain whether or not the waters had abated, sent forth a raven, which did not return into the ark.* This is the first notice that is taken of this spe- cies. Though the Raven was declared unclean by the law of Moses, yet we are informed, that when the prophet Elijah pro- voked the enmity of Ahab, by prophesying against him, and hid himself by the brook Cherith, the Ravens were appointed by Heaven to bring him his daily food.f The colour of the Raven gave rise to a similitude in one of the most beautiful of eclogues, which has been perpetuated in all subsequent ages, and which is not less pleasing for being trite or proverbial. The favourite of the royal lover of Jerusalem, in the enthusiasm of affection, thus describes the object of her adoration, in reply to the following question: * Genesis, viii, 7. t I Kings, xvii, 5, 6.
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