Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Falco lineatus. Red-shouldered hawk, pp. -110
F P'LCO LINES TUS. * RED-SHOULDERED HAWK. [Plate LIII.-Fig. 3.] Jrct. Zool. p. 206, .)o. 102.-LATH. I, 56, Vo. 36.-TURT. Siyt, P. 15S.-PEALE'S Museun, XJoV. 205. THis Hawk is more rarely met with than either of those in the same plate. Its haunts are in the neighbourhood of the sea. It preys on Larks, Sandpipers, and the small Ringed Plover, and frequently on Ducks. It flies high and irregularly, and not in the sailing manner of the Long-winged Hawks. I have occasionally observed this bird near Egg-Harbour, in New Jersey; and once in the meadows below this city. This Hawk was first transmitted to Great Britain by Mr. Black- burne, from Long Island, in the state of New York. Of its manner of building, eggs, &c. we are altogether unacquainted. The Red-shouldered Hawk is nineteen inches in length; the head and back are brown, seamed and edged with rusty; bill blue black; cere and legs yellow; greater wing-coverts and se- condaries pale olive brown, thickly spotted on both vanes with white and pale rusty; primaries very dark, nearly black, and barred or spotted with white; tail rounded, reaching about an inch and a half beyond the wings, black, crossed by five bands of white, and broadly tipt with the same; whole breast and bel- ly bright rusty, speckled and spotted with transverse rows of white, the shafts black; chin and cheeks pale brownish, streak- ed also with black; iris reddish hazel; vent pale ochre, tipt with rusty; legs feathered a little below the knees, long; these and the feet a fine yellow; claws black; femorals pale rusty, faintly barred with a darker tint. * This is stated by Prince Musignano to be the young male of the preceding species.
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