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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Bridgeport,   pp. 434-439


Page 434

424                     MANUFACTURES OF BRIDGEPORT.
MANUFACTURES OF BRIDGEPORT.
BRIDGEPORT, as well as New Hlaven, is largely engaged in the manu-
facture of Carriages.         It also contains the       largest manufactory        of
Sewing    Machines in      the United     States.    In   1860, according      to the
census returns, the city contained ninety-six establishments, having a
capital invested of $1,466,400, employing            2,196 males, 1,131 females,
yielding a product of $5,622,120.          The principal manufactures were the
following:
No. of
Establish.               Male     Female     Value of
Manufactures.                ments.     Capital.     hands.    hands.   Product.
Beer, porter, etc...................................2   $35,000......  5......  ......  42,000
Boots and  shoes...... .............................  14......  37,000......  153......  29......  135,450
Cabinet furniture ..... ..........................4   51,000   130......  ......  163.000
Carriages............................................13   223,600   408......  7......  604,550
Carriage  hardware..............................   I......  17,000......  35......  ......  36,000
Coach lace and trimmings....................  25,000......  41......  9......   55,000
Coffee and spices.......................  1......  5,000......  3......  ......  31,000
Felloes, etc..........................................1   30,000......  8......  ......  30,000
Flour, meal, etc..................................2   5,000......  5......  ......  39,720
Hoop skirt springs.....................  1......  3,000......  11......  6......  46,00
Iron  Founding.....................................1   67,000......  21......  ......  30,000
Lumber (plaued).................................. .   58,000......  26......  ......  117,000
Machinery......... .................................1   44,000......  70......  ......  65,000
M arble.................................................  2   3,300......  10......  ......  12.250
Patent  leather.....................................  1......  20,000......  18......  ......  60,000
Saddlery and Harness..................  4......  130,500......  254......  ......  431,650
Saddle trees.............. .............  2......  7,500......  25.....  3        27.000
Saoh, doors and blinds......................... 2 .  8,000......  34......  ......  37,330
Sewing  machines................................ ...  400,000......  550......  ......  1,050,000
Shirts.................................................. .   38,000......  11......  1,000   225,000
Shovels ....................... . ..............  ......I   2,000......  6......  ......  20,000
Soap and candles.......................  3......  7,000......  7......  ......    92,000
Springs and axles......................  2  .....  80,000   147......  ......    210,300
Tin  and  sheet iron.......... ..................... 5 .  14,600......  19......  ......  64,200
Varnish........... ....................  1     10,000......   1......   ......    75,000
Veneers........... ...................   I......  5,000      4......   ......    13,000
W heels................................................  1......  18,000......  I5......  ......  31.000
W ire  cloth........................................... . .  3,000......  6......  ......  3,000
Since 1860, important additions have been made to the productive in-
dustry of Bridgeport by the erection of new manufactories and the
enlargement of others previously existing, and it is probable that the
aggregate product now amounts to eight millions of dollars annually.
Among the most important of the new establishments in Bridgeport is


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