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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Albany,   pp. 240-248


Page 240

240                       MANUFACTURES OF ALBANY.
MANUFACTURES OF ALBANY.
ALBANY, which is the capital both of the State of New York and of
Albany County, differs from most of the State capitals in being a
manufacturing centre of considerable importance.                 According     to  the
latest census returns, there were in the county five hundred and ninety-
four manufacturing establishments, having an aggregate capital of
$9,534,079, and which employed 8,032 males and 3,071 females, and
produced a value of $16,585,025. This however included the large
cotton and woolen mills, and hosiery and other factories of Watervliet
and Cohoes ; and deducting them, it would leave for the City of Albany
337 establishments, with an aggregate capital of $5,501,119, employing
4,084 males, 2,516 females, and producing a value of $9,586,314. The
principal manufactures, according to the census returns, which however
are only approximately accurate, were the following:
No. of
Establish-               Male     Female    Value of
Manufactures.                ments.     Capital.     hands.     hands.   Product,
Agricultural implements (1)...............4    $85,000......  102......  ......  $214,060
Alcohol...........................................2   260,000......  60......  ......  950,000
Brick  ...............................................10   127,600   202......  ......  106,600
Broons.. .........................................13   22,300......  159......  ......  57,664
Cabinet ware, chairs, and bedsteads  15 .....  243,250......  287......  10......  363,050
Carriages.........................................  11......  97,400......  222......  ......  211,740
Cigars  .............................................17   67,200......  200......  ......  221,008
Clothing  .........................................  46......  326,500......  459......  855......  713,912
Coffee and spice mills...................  2......  40,000......  22......  ......  51,500
Cotton  goods  ...................................  5......  1,400,800......  612......  940......  1,937,500
D rain  tile.........................................  3......  26,000......  50......  ......  35,000
Edge  tools........................................  2   231,000......  320......  ......  269,200
Fire brick  ........................................1   0,000......  25......  ......  50,000
Flour and meal.................................22   357,000......  75......  ......  823,170
Rats................................................ 10 .  73,000......  90......  ......  281,200
Hosiery............................................8   802,000......  365.   1295   1,099,905
Iron founding ..................................3   20,000......  33......  A....  44,900
Leather............................................4   40,700......  17......  ......  65,611
Linseed oil............................1        40,000......  15......   ......   70,000
Machinery  and steam  engines ...........     $175,000......  182......  ......  $205,200
Malting ...............................  9     510,300......  68......   ......  561,000
Malt liquors..................................... 13 .  641,000......  241......  ......  804,211
Paper..................................... ..... ... .  62,000......  55......  6......  67,494
Patent medicines ..............................2   5,300......  5......  8......  76,100
Pianos..............................................2   120,450......  102......  ......  126,400
Planed lumber .................................4   140,000......  237......  ......  861,075
Saddlery  and  harness........................  14......  30,100   86......  20......  83,700
Soap  and  Candles.............................  5......  32,800......  14......  ......  110,485
Stove  founding..........  ..............  7......  1,013,000......  84 ......  ......  1,038,700
Woolen goods and hosiery ..............  13......  964,000......  582...... 1421......  1,515,180
(1) We believe that but one of the firms that were engaged in making Agricultural Im-
pletnents in Albany in 1860, remains unchanged, namely, that of WHEELER, MELICK


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