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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Newark,   pp. 217-221


Page 217

MANUFACTURES OF NEWARK.                                      217
MANUFACTURES OF NEWARK.
NEWARK, New Jersey, nine miles from New York City, on the rail-
road connecting New York and Philadelphia, is largely engaged in
manufacturing, especially Clothing, Hats, Jewelry, Saddlery and Harness,
Trunks and Carpet-bags, Leather and various fabrics of leather. It was
here that the first manufactory of Japanned Leather in this country was
established. In 1860, according to the census returns, Essex County had
a capital invested in manufactures of $13,495,305, by 769 manufacturing
establishments, who employed 15,825 males, 5,908 females, and produced
a value of $27,706,044.           About three-fourths of this amount was pro-
duced in Newark. The principal manufactures were:
No. of
Establish-                 Raw        Male     Female     Value of
Manufactures.      meats.      Capital.    material.    hands.   hands       Product,
Brewing..................  16......  $578,000 ..... $371,017......  165 ......$33,875
Boots and  shoes...............  55......  163,440......  276,844   690 ...... 146    583,970
Brass founding..............    ..     25,660......  43,645......  31 ......68,750
Coach lamps...............  3......    26,000......  29,960......  39 ......7,000
Chemicals .................  1......  89,000......  135,000......  49 ......228,000
Carriages ........................ 4 .  326,125......  289,038......  714......  10   705,415
Cement.........................  1.....  300,000.....  87,000.....  250 ......5,000
Clothing..........................  42......  1,147,600  .....  1,452,170......  1555. 3045 .  2,624.252
Coffee and spices..........3...3      28,500       71,202......  14 ......92,200
Drugs.............................1   18,000        0000     .....                    90,000
Edge tools and cutlery......  16...... 122,700......  100,170......  242 ......273,725
Fire arms................   1......   32,00......  18,000......  60 ......0,00
Hats...............................  23......  544,800   974,534......  1196  496   1,757,878
India rubber goods..........  1......  200,000......  135,000......  60 ...... 70     400,000
Iron  founding  .................  6......  121,000......  176,510   106 ......276,0
Jewelry..................  21......   726,500......  694,465.....  718 ...... 71    1,41,00
Leather  ..........................  14......  217,800......  519,731......  169 ......634,022
Looking glass and picture
fram es..........................  5......  38,100......  47,631   37 .....69,000
Morocco..........................  3......  105,000......  254,900  .....  138  19    366,000
Machinery.......................  19......  405,300......  142,422......  385 ......760,250
Malleable iron..............  6......  118,000......  62,232......  200 ......193,500
Ornamental glass.........  3......    28,000......  19,215......  28 ......          72,000
Paper...............        3......    64,000- ....  68,307......  28 ......104,82
Patent leather..............  9......  912,000...... 1,224,675......  720......     1,797,000
Registers and ventilators...  1......  30,000......      ......  30 ......80,000
Saddlery and harness.......  24     1,224,100......  758,320...... 1033 ...... 33  1,41,50
Sashes, doors, and blinds..  6......  73,200 .....  71,550......  126 ......14:,
Spokes, hubs, wheels, etc..  8......  116,500 .....  97,714......  121 ......190.19
Springs ...........................  2   45,000  .....  38,420......  48               79000
Saddlery hardware ..........  34      288,600 .....  314,365......  779 ...... 89     6
Soap  and  candles............  2......  65,000  .....  93,750......  20 ......117,000
Stair rods.........................  2  66,000  .....  47,585......  38 ......        86,400
Straw hats.................  1......   20,000......  60,000     25 ...... 60          104,000
Trunks and carpet bags....  13......  314,500      474,850......  665 ......117       929,000
Type metal................  1......   50,000......  50,040......  6 ......68,00
Trunk rivets....................2 .    45,010......  20,025......  10 ...... 28        53,00
Tin, sheet iron, and copper  12       101,000......  113,860......  131 ......208,50
Varnish  ..........................  8   155,250......  194,956......  24 ......47,00
Zinc, oxide of ..............  1.....  1,200,000......  98,000......  110 ......00
99


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