Harries, Jeanette / Tamazight basic course: Ait Mgild dialect: final report
Lesson 21 (reel 21; slides 161-169), pp. 112-117
L21.2 To get the feeling of this pronominalization and rearrangement, repeat the full sentence once after the speaker has said it twice. Then repeat the reduced sen- tence each time it is given. You may follow along in the book if you wish. Pattern: S S ..repeat S' Z id:a-d Bu~z:a zg Midlt. id:a Bugz:a s axam n Muha. M id:a-d Bugz:a s axam-n:s. id:a Muha s igran. B id:a-d Imidu yr Zaid. Z iiwi-d Pmidu : iniya. id:a Imidu yr lm*mr. iiwi abr:ad yr din:. iusi Hmidu taz:nbil:t. iiwi-d Hmidu at:ag. tk6m-d Mimuna xf ingbaun. tiwi-d Mimuna udi. M iusi Himidu t:bla. L21.2_Feminineplural subject a perfec7 :357 repeat. si BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB id :a-d. id:a. id :a-d. id:a. id:a-d. iwi- t:-id. id:a. iiwi-t. iusi-t:. iiwi-t-id. tk'6m-d. tiwi-t-id. iusi-t:. ffix in 'perative and A special form of subject affix is used for feminine plural subjects; it is identical in both the imperative and in the third person tense forms. The underlying form is -nt ; but in many dialects, as in Zaidts, the t has become assimilated to the n, resulting in a tense -n: as feminine plural suffix. Bu~z:a uses the tense -n: form in this exercise, but he often also uses the fuilT-nt form Now Bugz:a uses the imperative form to address a command or request to a group of women. He says it twice. Zaid then uses the 3d pe pf tense to comment that they have done the action--whatever it was. You may simply re- peat Bugz:a's command, or you can try to produce the comment, before Zaid does. In either case, repeat Zaid's comment both times he gives it. k~mn: a tailin zaidn: a tai*in' q:imn: a taiin! k:rn: a tai6in: bd:n: a tai"6in! d:un: a tai6in! f:yn: a taiZin' zrin: a tai~in' k"6mn : t a i in,, zaidn tai**6in. q :imn : tai*6in., k:rn: tai*6in., bd:an: tai 6in. d:an: tai~in. f :Tn : tai~in., z rin : tai in. Remember the command for "Come here!" -- aura in the sg ipv, occurs only in the imperative form. Respond to the following f pl ipv by saying "The women came. aur-in: a tai6in! 113 repeat d:an:-d tai-iia.
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