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Alvares, Manuel, 1526-1583, et al. / Ethiopia Minor and a geographical account of the Province of Sierra Leone : (c. 1615)

Chapter 13: Reasons for the impact of this army of Manes, its marching order and its ceremonial,   pp. 1-6

Page 5

strap made from booz fish.  This is his lance (?),so that these
captains are more executioners than (military 2Wrs), etc; and-thus
the soldiers suffer... What it would have been to see the destruction
wrought in that town which had been the cause of Messera's new strategy
How c'omplet~ely they-carried out the oath they had taken to be the
burial ground of their enemiesl The battle was the most terrible and
frightening that could be imagined.  (See, ) now they clash and break
down-the'stockades!  Bows were pulled, arrows shot, spears thrown, all
so fiercely that in a short time not a stone was left standing. And
first they' terrified /f.85w/ the enemy, by throwing over the walls the
bones and skulls and sections of flesh of those they had conquered on
the way and in weaker towns, where they had spared neither father nor
son. The wolves hungry for vengeance had swallowed them up. So much
for the military order and ceremony of the army.
- 1  --  ..  .. , . .. . .
Now let us speak of the'order they kept when the conquests were
over. But let us begin with what they did immediately before a
conquest, acting without ritual or superstitious practice, for though
this has already been touched upon, now is the proper place for it.
When the army reached a district, if the town did not surrender
they established a camp for all sections of the army : this was the
normal practice.  (Next) they seized the gates of the town;C) and when
the natives saw what they were doing, they (normally) surrendered at
once. Such persons the captains treated with all humanity. But those
who delayed surrender had to do the same in the end, submitting not
freely but being forced to do so. The captains smiled, and they
ordered the king, the officers of his council, and the judges to come
to them. When they arrived, they immediately stripped off their
smocks and stretched themselves out on the ground. As a token of
subjection, the Manes placed a foot on the neck of each, and they put
the king in stocks or chains. They ordered his oldest son to come with
all his father's gold and precious possessions and as much as possible
of his goods. Then in front of the prince his father was beheaded.
The Manes established the prince as king, and handed over to him the
officers and judges of the dead man. At this point, they made a
speech to him about the attention and exactitude that obedience to
higher rulers called for, - and his observance of this obedience was
(c) A method of securing the conquered lands against attempted


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