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Alvares, Manuel, 1526-1583, et al. / Ethiopia Minor and a geographical account of the Province of Sierra Leone : (c. 1615)
(1990)

Chapter 2: About the character of the heathen that live in this province, so various in name and language,   pp. 1-11


Page 2

The Cabatas used to live on the South East side of the Rio
de Mitombo. The Calus come immediately after them: these are
the Be   of people who used to live not only /f.54r/ in the          i
Serra but also in the neighbouring country which today belongs to
Perabure. Then comes the previously mentioned kingdom of Mitombo,
whose inhabitants are Temenes and all natives, (as well as) Baranas    _
Chinquinas, Subos, Fegnes, Coras, Randacosas, Kerefe, Songoles, arji
Bias. Finally there is another country which only survives in parliM
this is the aland of the Sapes or Casses, who are today ruled and
governed by King Farma's mother's brothers   Bordering the Casses
are the Safragos Limbas. These people, though lacking culture,
are more suited to hear the Gospel, since they are so strict in the
observance of their matrimonial contracts that they generally pay blI
full respect to (prohibitions on) union between blood-relations.     1E
Hence, because they are so strict in this matter, relatives do not
live in the same house, in order to avoid opportunities for caps^,j
and for this reason they have special quarters for any guests who Xi!
are miated to them. They so greatly detest those who eat human
flesh that they consider them the only savages: they avoid normall1-
communication with them and they treat them with discourtesy and
contempt. Their land is almost wholly mountainous, but very rich.
They say there are carbuncles there, since flashing lights are see
at night.   The ivory tusks which are available there are in such
quantities, and so thick, that no-one is capable of carrying them
away.                                                                 l'
The Limbas are great stock-farmers, breeding goats, cows and
poultry. They are astute and clever, and inclined to be warlike,
hence their villages have underground places, in which they live
with all the necessities of life when besieged. This is how they
have preserved their independence (and avoided conquest by) the Ma-eW
Iwo other races of heathen live in these districts.    The     'lg*l \
Boulons take their name from (that of) the land itself, and we klnoijl J
of no other etymology: some of them, called Belo, are natives.
The remainder are called Sivi, because they originated from Sivi
where Mabangoma or Casses was (located): this is the proper         j
Sape-land. The variety of. names indicates the diversity (of peoples)
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