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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 8. Which discusses the Kingdom of Casamansa and its features. [translated text],   pp. 66-74 and 75

Page 67

as soon as he ceased to look in the basin of Hwater, the two could
not uvderstand each other.
3.       The King of CasamanOa had this caciz summoned because he was
about to give battle to Kingy iambara, his enemy, who lived on the
other side of the river and belonged to the Badnhu nation, and he
wished to learn from the cAciz what day he should give battle and
whether he *would win. To discover (the answers), the caciz carried
out many ceremonies, such as that involving the boy and the water,
at which he asked (the spirits) what the enemy was doing and many
other questions. And he told the king that he would gain the victory.
Having been given this reply, the king made preparations, and after
assembling many armed men he crossed to the other side of the river
in a large number of canoes and in some of our ships. When these
touched land, and all the force had assembled, he began to march
towards the enemy, who were in fortified positions nearby. The caciz
marched happily along in front of the army, holding batons in his
hands as if he was directing it; and he passed the word on to all
(following) that they should attack the enemy in their fortifications
when he gave a certain signal.
4.       The enemy did not wait for him to give the signal.  As the
Casangas drew near them, they sounded to arms very rapidly, and threw
themselves upon them with such force that they overwhelmed them. The
Casangas were routed and put to fight. As they boarded their boats,
many were drowned, for the numbers were so great that those of our men
who were assisting the king (to escape) had to kill many Casangas,
cutting their hands off as they clung to the boats, since with so many
aboard the boats would have gone to the bottom. In this way the king
was saved from the fiasco. MTe enemy did not pursue, or keep within
range, with the same enthusiasm that they had shorn at the beginning
of the action. Despite suffering this rout, a few days afterwards
the (Caswnlga) Iking ordered ttio forts to be built on this samr3 river,


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