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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 4. Which discusses the Kingdom of Borçalo, where Jalofos and Barbacins live; and all else in this district. [translated text],   pp. 30-40 and 41

Page 37

13.       The Lings of tha Jalofos, J-iLrb-acins and .Lndin-as eat in the
presence of their people. The k-ing of Drocalo, whose kiinZdom we are
discussing, is in the habit of having excellent food prepared, in our
style (of cuisine), by cooks 'whom he employs for this p.2rpose. When
food is served in his d:hing-hall,,here it is the custom that it is
brought to him by his wives, he eats there with his nobles, taking
food up in his hand once or twice out of politeness.   When this is over,
he retires to another room beyond, and there they lay out for him a mat,
with a carpet on it, and table linen, and they bring him food. Before
eating, he commands those of our people who are in the haill to come
(into his room), and he eats with them as they sit with him,      eating
at the same time.  The rulers of the Kingdom of Borcalo have always done
this, and so have those of Ale.
14.       All these kings have alcaides or governors, and these are the
officers who collect gifts from our people and who purchase the goods
the kings require.  They (Also) have governor-generals, as has been stated,
who are called iagarefes: governors of districts called Jagodis:
officers of the Treasury called farbas; masters(of the horse called
bigeos' and chamberlains called buquinegues. Whenever the king goes
out, he is closely accompanied by many horsemen, and it is their custom
always to ride at speed to the place where they they are going.
15.      In these countries they make wine in their own way, from milho.
It is like ale, and just as good, but does not keep as long. It is as
potent as (our) wine. They make another sort of wine from a fruit which
is like a large pear, and which has a fine smell. But (unlike a pear)
the stone is not spat out, when eating the fruit. The wine from this
fruit is white. The must ferments like our wine, and is equally
intoxicating; and from it they make a fine syrup wine.



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