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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 2. Other customs of these Jalofos. [translated text],   pp. 18-25 and 26

Page 21


or to the Indies of Castile.  AUl make for this bay, andin it- the
enemq clean and repair their ships, and live there, treating it as if
it were theirs, as if it were one of the roadsteads of Dngland or France.
To such an extent (do they do this) that the blacks of the sea-ports on
this coast speak very good French, and some of them have been to France
many times. And nob that they have made friends with the English, some
of them have been to England to learn the English language and to see the
country, on the orders of the governor of the port of Ale, who is the
officer in charge of the king's treasury.
8.       The bay lies near the headland of Cape Verde, between, Cape Verde
and Cabo dos Hastros (Cap Naze) but nearer Cape Verde, which stands in
14 40' (N.). Formerly, the best trade of the i{habiLtant- of Santiago
Island was with this land of Budumel, in the days when a king named
Rhogor reigned there, a great friend of ours. In this period there was
such a great famine on the coast, caused by locusts, that a slave was sold
for half a measure of milho (grain) or beans, and mothers themselves took
their children away from the breast and exchanged them for food, saying
that it was better that the children should remain alive, even though
(they had become) prisoners, than that they should die of sheer hunger.
Each year (while this king reigned) many ships laden with horses and other
merchandise went from Santiago Island on this trade. (But) there succeeded
to this kingdom a king named Eudumel, a bixirim, who did not drink wine
or eat pork. He lived permanently at his court at LamIbiaa, far from the
sea, and was unreliable in settling money matters with our people. But
he received the French in his ports and welcomed them. For this reason
the inhabitants of the island abandoned the trade, which today is carr!Ad
on more by the English than the French, because the English, being
stronger, drove the French out of the trade.  These enemies, of one sort
or the other, are supplied with goods by many Portuguese, our own people,
and by some foreigners who are established in the port of Joala, in the


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