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Alvares, Manuel, 1526-1583, et al. / Ethiopia Minor and a geographical account of the Province of Sierra Leone : (c. 1615)

Part two: The Province of Sierra Leone, chapter 1: the name, situation and bounds of this province and the nature of the land,   pp. 1-18

Page 8

a kind of husk.   (Other fruit trees are) abenche, sweet plums, black
plums, the velvet-tree, and jagatu.   The wild grapes, even if grafted
-or cultivated, never became as good as ours,     etc.  Without discussing
here the real palm tree, /f.49v/ let us refer to the false palms.    One
---sort is called poche, which is used to roof houses and from which wine
''is drawn; and ,another sort is called tara de bordro,*and from this a
large quantity of maguenche   )" is drawn, which is also used as wine
here. From this tara de bordaZ they make the gudenhos or containers foil
- cola, the baskets to sift and clean rice in the same way as we do with
- -our sieves, aresf, and straw mats.  The nachul used to weave these good4|1
is obtained from the leaves of the tree. | U
Now let us speak of the medicinal trees.    Amongst these is the cede  --
the animpo, a tree producing copal, an effective poultice for chills of 
<any part of the body.    The bark of the mana, dried in the sun'and grounCII
into a powder, is good to alleviate headaches, when laid on the temples;
also for itch and many-other disorders.    A very tasty medicinal oil, go|l
for chills, is made from majuta.   The oil made from the stone of the   
chaveo is very fine, and a bitter oil important for various uses is
extracted from the fruits of a tree called ixto: the fruits grow in hus 
Now it is the turn of the citrus-trees, such as orange-trees, lemon-tret
and lime-trees. The land is fairly well-stocked with these, although
everything to do with their cultivation was brought here by foreigners
lived in the country in former times. The same applies to a quantity on*
sugar canes that are here. Eren though the woods are full of all sorts ot
trees, plants,and poison herbs, the number of health-giving and medicinal
ones is almost infinite, and if the local herbalists were able to write4
they could write great tomes about them. Of spices, although there is no
Malucca clove or Ceylon cinnamon, this Province has mantevilha, which calt
be used instead of saffron; red and black malagueta, which are used as
pepper and as clove, and are so health-giving that the heathen use them
in their medicines and on occasions with their food; cola, whose coolnets
lessens the burning taste of the peppers and which acts against poison,
although here they employ even more commonly taca. This is the bark of I
certain small tree used for seasoning, normally with cola, but sometimes
(e) Perhaps they would be as good as ours if grafted.
(f) Maguenche is an inferior palm-tree from which is drawn the best winj
51 is


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