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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part II (1984)

[Notes for chapter 19]


19/1   4...sem vir ao Reino.             ...without returning to the Kingdom,
(of Portugal).
BRAZIL       This chapter is of interest in throwing light on the
stresses within, the Portuguese imperial economy, a system of central
and official regulation.   The clash of interests between the official
system and the interests of the Portuguese settled in the :Cape Verde
Islands is described in RODNEY (pp.75-6).    That the economic develop-
ment of Upper Guinea was being subordinated by the crown to the economic
development of Brazil was the complaint of Luis Henriques,_a Portuguese
settled in Sierra Leone for twenty years, when he spoke to the English
in 1582 : "This land produces a brazilwood much more effective for
dyeing cloth than that which comes from Brazil itself.     But nothing is
produced here, for this reason, lest the region prove harmful to the
annual revenues.   While he   As ing PhilipJ   holds the government in
Brazil, he holds nothing here" (MADOXf.46v).     Almada, a Cape Verde
Islands trader, was much more discreet in his criticism, not least
since he apparently hoped that his book would reach the eyes of the
authorities.   His estimate of the natural wealth of Sierra Leone was
of course exaggerated.
19/1   ... limoeiros....               ...lemon-trees...
GRAPES       The version of this list in the shorter version
(Appendix III, 9/2) includes "grapes, which being wild have a large-
Pip, but if they were cultivated would be as good as ours.". Dornelas'11
referred to black and white grapes'hchwr        sou   (DRMLA     ..6)
In the early days of Portuguese exploration, Cadamosto had incorrectly
asserted that there were "no vinies..Vin any region of the land of the
blacks" (CADAMOSTO, p.40).  But in 1585 Father Rebelo's informant
noted the wild grapes of Sierra Leone - "thirty or forty bunches o
: 0 ~~~anc          :       D: MO::. A I' 6  f..... It00:A
grapes on onheranch    (Tshioitt DAvT 9        p.3       ese wild gr
are from Leea guineensis and from Cissus and Ampelocissus sppo. I
1582., an Englishman supposed that the failure to introduce viniculur
into Sierra Leone was due to Portuguese geed;     hVear are mn     ye
that gro naturally but the Portingal wil not teach thetiling of them--
for that Canary wines are muchuprized, which gayn would-be los t."


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