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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 15. How they create a king in the land of the Sapes, and the ceremonies involved, and how they invest solateguis, who are the noblemen. [translated text],   pp. 14-22 and 23

Page 18


7,       Within these eighty leagues, the liits of Serra Leoats tereare
many salubrious and very refreshing rivers which rum into the sea from
the interior, with the reslt that ships go up them many leagus. Their
banks are covered with a .eltitude of trees and their population is
settled in villages on each bank; and from the villages colo  down mch
trade* The chief rivers are the followings the River of Stones, the
rivers of Capor, Taibacira, Hac~mla where the Hills of (rystal lie,
Calenchecafu, the River of the Calus, the River of the Cases, the rivers
of Tagarim and of Nitombo - which runs alongside the Sarra Lefa. I make
this statement for those who have not semn this River Tagarim and Mitombo,
since the River of Tagarin rurs alongside Serra Leoa - River Tagarim
lying to the North and the Serra to the South. The River of Bangue
cuts off the Serra on the other side, to such an extent that the
separation (of the Serra from the mainland) could be completed with Very
little trouble, for the blacks take their boats overland from River
league to River Tagarim, by portage. If this (neck of land) voro cut
tdvogh, it would make the headland of the Srra, which is Cape Joyous,
into an island.
8.       The Riyar of Calanchesafu circles the Hills of Crystal on the South
side, and the River of Tambacira goes to their foot on the other side.
The Ritrer of Toto has along it many orange-trees, its bar is all loose
Ait, and ships go up it by sail. The River of Tanglecu, the River of
Burtibum  and the River of the AllLances are al very fresh-looking and
: elwooded, with many ,palm-trees and many orango-trees. In these
districts there is lrasil wood, called cang from which dyes are made:
and they say that the dye is so potent that it can be used seven time
and the last application is still a strong colour. This tree is found in
the River of Bagarabomba. There are sugar-canes here, and cotton and
m'Igueta spice, which is produced on little trees like banana-tr ees,
in buiches; at the foot of the tree is found        MMl   another sort


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