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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 6. Which discusses the other features of the Gambia River. [translated text],   pp. 52-59 and 60

Page 55

a hand-span in length, Lore or less, and bent bock. They cay that
these teeth are a cure for piles. (Dut) many slky that the hooves of
the animal are ilore effective than the teeth in ciurin  this disease,
and that it nmust be the hooves on the left side. The blacks kill
many of these 'horses' in their rice-fields, and they eat the flesh.
They !cMU them for two reasons, because they eat their rice, and as
food. The meat is white: I have seen it eaten, but never eaten it
nrjself.  The arLirsls give birth in the river, under the water, and
sruall boats, such as launches and canoes, run a risk wJhen/eremale with
young, because she will attack theu and sometimes break open the boat.
As soon as the young can walk, they come out (of the river) to graze
on 1nr-d w ith their mothers.
8.       This Uingdom of the Mandingas is very large, since it extends up
the Gambia River, which is navigable one hundred and fifty, leagues,
and then goes on further and penetrates into the interior until it
meets the Jalofos on the North, the Fulos on the North East, the
Beafares on the East North East, inland, and the Cassangas and Banhuns
on the East. At the head of the river can be found tio Farins, who
are emperors among the blacks;  one on the North side where gold is
traded called the Farim of Olimansa, to whom we give gifts; and Farim
Cabo on the East side, to wwhom we also give certain gifts. The present
Farim Cabo is part Beafar and part Mlandinga. The Mandingas stretch so
far thal they surround the Beafares on the interior side, as we shall
explain later. The weighing officers, whose job it is to weigh the
gold when people come there to trade, have to live one on the North side
and one on the South, and to both of them we give gifts.
9.       The chief trade among the blacks, one we have not previously
discussed, is the trade in cola, a fruit which grows on a tree; and
there are only cola-trees within the territory of Serra Leoa. The cola
grows in a b,-istly oontainer like a chestnut, arid is so highly valued

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