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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 6. Which discusses the other features of the Gambia River. [translated text],   pp. 52-59 and 60

Page 54

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re.act2d the rio granedo, the counitry of the Bwelfares, 1rhere the Fulos
were defeated and put to rout.  Thlis must have bean eigLhty or ninetxy
ye:rs ago .
5.       Later on, the flood waters came down from the h1ills, and the river
broke through (the ford) on the South side newly the laud, and made a
channel there, alaong which ships can go if they keep close to the land,
so close thot they touch the trees with their yards. But the rest (of
the ford) though covered with water, remains a shallow. The place is
called Foos' Pass; it is twelve leagues above Lime, and I have been
through there twice.
6.       I saw another (strange) thing in this river, which again I rmust
not fail to repeat. (Indeed,) if necessary, it could be sworn to on
affadavit, by those who were with me on the voyage. Going upstream
from Fulost Pass, there came to our notice troops of monkeys the size
of hares, of a reddish colour, more red than orange; and in each troop
there was one monkey who rode on the back of another, like a min on a
horse, and those who rode were neither the largest nor the smallest of
the monkeys. The blacks of this country said that the one who rode was
the king or captain of that group. The blaccs spoke to them in the
language of the country, and they replied loudly in a grotesque voice,
as if they were speacking words. In all the troops we met, there was
always one monkey riding in the manner described.
7.       In this river there are many hippopotami, who emerge from the river
to graze on the land. These twater horsest, like land horses, are of all
colours. Their colours, their neighing, the shape of their ears, these
make us sped: of them as 'horses'.  But the shape of their body is that
of an ox, and the body is bigger than thatof a horse. Their legs are
short, so short that the blacks make very loaw fences in their rice-fields,
to stop them eating {and destroying (the rice), and the animals cannot go
over them becrtuse of their short legs. They hatve hooves which are split
and divided into two like those of oxen, -nd a short head with lonled teeth.N


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