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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 2. Other customs of these Jalofos. [translated text],   pp. 18-25 and 26

Page 22

land of the Barbacins of the Kingdom of Ale Embicane. And these
Portuguese supply the french and the English with goods,, which they
have acquired for them in the various rivers (of the coast) and from
m     leagues in the interior. Each year the French and the Aiglish
carry away from the coast more than sixty thousand cow-hides, as wen as
many hides of buffalo, gazelle, and another animal called in the Gambia
River dacoi, which they say is the real anta; and also ivory, wax, gum,
ambergris, musk, gold, and other goods. For these they trade iron and
other merchandise which they bring from France and England. Our
adventurers are much cultivated by these enemies, and the day that they
receive their payments and hand over their goods, the English hold
banquets for them on land, to the so8ad of masic from violnh and other
instruments. This is why the trade of the whole coast from Cape Verde
up to River Gambia is lost (to us). The only trade in these parts is
between our enemies and the adventurers, who have connections with those
who live in the Rio de Sa'o Domingos and in Rio Grande-, to which places
they send the iron and other goods they obtain, and from which they
receive the goods they pass on to our enemies. If it were aot for thes
Portuguese adventurers, our enemies would not have as much trade in Guinea
or commere with the blacks as today they have. It is true that for wany
years the French have frequented the coast around the port of Ale, but
they used to have much less trade, because when the trade was in the bands
of the blanks, it amounted to very little.  At best they used to take away
from these parts only six or seven thousand hides a year, and none of the
other things they take today, because the blacks had no skill in obtaining
from the interior, or from anywhere morm  han a few leagues from the sea,
the goods required for sale to the enemy.
9.       Today these Portuguese adventurers make their way up all the rivers
and across all the lands of the blacks, acquiring in these parts any-
thing that they can sell to the ships of their friends. Indeed, one of

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