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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 2. Other customs of these Jalofos. [translated text],   pp. 18-25 and 26

Page 19

gather too large a quantity of the leaves, piling them up in order to
make the balls some days later, for it cannot be done this way. Only
that quantity must be gathered which is needed each day, for as soon as
the leaves dry up, they are of no more use for this purpose. After the
balls are made, txey are placed in the sun until they are dry. And whe
they want to make up some dye for dying, they take these balls, break
them into pieces, and leave the pieces to soak in a container of water
for one day.  (Then) they draw the dye-stuff from the water, cover it
with a cloth or with leaves of trees, and leave it there until it rots
and breeds white Maggots, as meat does. When it has reached this condil
they wash it again in water and put it to dry in the sun. After it is
properly dry, they drop it into a large pot uaX add *ome lye, and cover
the pot again. They leave it like this for some days until it gains a
rich appearance, with an excellent lustre. Into pots of dye prepared in
this way they put their lengths of cloth, and dye them deep black or blj
like satins. And each time they take cloths out of the pots they wash the
in hot water; and they stir up the dyes in the pots with sticks, until
,reat bubbles of froth, beautifully coloured, can be seen coming to the
4.       In the other kingdoms of the Jalofos, Barbacins and Mandingas, the
sons (of kings) cannot inherit the kingdom, but instead nephews inherit,
the sons of the sisters (of kings),in keeping with the decision and the
law made by the great Jalofo Icng, as st-ated above. The inheritor of tb
kingdom inherits the house and wives of his uncle.
5.       The Jalofos, Fulos and Handingas do not eat pork, and some of them
do not drink our wine, especially the cacizes - that is, the bixirins.
There are a great many bixirins in these Warts, and they put into the
heads of the other people many (strange) notions, and they tell (them)
many lies.  Some of the bixirins count the months as we do. The ordinar
people are greatly devoted to them and pay much attention to what they


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