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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 7. Which discusses the Arriatas and Falupos, the blacks who live to the south of Cape St. Mary. [translated text],   pp. 61-65


Page 61

6) 1


Chiptjcer 7
lMido- d"U'-kiwsses file. !$Lreintr! - {an ';"-Junpos. tale blse.k,cs;
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to the suth of tSt. i'Hr
1.       Cape St, iary is encountered as one comes out of River Gambia,
on the South side, almost at the entrance to the river, standing in
130 30t. It is not high land but is marked by yellow patches and
streaks in the earth, and it displays a number of trees. Opposite
the cape, where the bottom is four or five fathoms deep, are shoals
called by the same name, the shoals of St. Anne Esic: St. Maryj,
formed of reefs of rocks. From Cape Verde to Cape St. Ma:7 the coast
runs Ncrth v st to South T.'est, and the only shoalS al th4di way di
those at Joala - which the sea only breaks over when rough, and some
ships pass between them and the land - and the shoals of the Barbacins
- at the mouth of that estuary, which is easy to enter. After these
(two sets of) shoals come the ones at Cape St. Anne LsicJ. These
it is unusual for ships to have any contact with, unless they are
searching for the bar in order to pass it, since the Guide instructs
them not to come nearer the land than seven fathoms depth.
2.       To the South of this cape the blacks are still Mandingas. The
district is called Combomansa, and there is trade in rice and wax. But
the further (South) one goes the more savage the blacks become. Between
this cape and the mouth of the Rio de Sgo Domingos, the blacks remain
to be pacified. From the cape as far as the Shoals of Slo Pedro, the
blacks are Arriatas, some of whom speak Mandinga and some the language
of the Falupos. The Arriata blacks do not practice circumcision, a_
the others do. They occupy the coast, and are suXrrounded by the
M4ndingas on the North and by the Banhuns further inland. They employ
themselves in their fields aad fisheries, and these are their(only)
crafts. They have no trade in slaves, since they have no commerce with
us,; and if exceptionally some of them are sold as slaves, they are sold


 


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