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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 4. Which discusses the Kingdom of Borçalo, where Jalofos and Barbacins live; and all else in this district. [translated text],   pp. 30-40 and 41

Page 30

Chapter 4
Which discusses the F'2ngdom of Borcalo, where .TlfsadBracins
live; and all else in this district.
1.       Beginning on the South side of the bar of the river called Barbacim
is the land of the King of Borcalo. It is inhabited by Barbacim people,
who in the region of the bar live as if on an island, since another river
called the Rio de Lagos penetrates the land to the South, runnig between
it and the River Gambia, and this (second) river goes on to join the
main channel of the River of the Barbacins, insulating this region.
Le people here are rather wild and they give limited obedience to their
king. Next after this people comes (the domain) of another king of the
same nation, who is subject to the King of Borcalo. He attendb his Cotrt
at certain times of the year when the great festivals are hela, which are
known to them as tabascuins, and he is under an obligation to attend the
king with his people and to assist himi in his Yrars. The King of Dorcalo
is the ruler (of a kingdom which stretches) along the river Gambia for
some 40 leagues or more, and int" the hinterland occupied by the Mandingas
for many leagues. It surrounds, on the interior side, the Un,,gdom of Ale
discussed earlier, up to the point where it meets the Kingdom of the
Grand Jalofo.
2.       The king is lord of a great kingdom. People of three nations are
subject to him, that is, Barbacins, Jalofos and Mandingas; and he governs
them very strictly through two governor-generals ca~lled by the blacks
jagarefes. One of them governs the Barbacins during peace and war, and
the other the Jalofos and Kandingas. These men have under then many
governors, who are appointed to districts all over the kirxgdom, where
they reside in very beautiful towns; they are called it-odins and act
as military commanders and governors of such places. The governors
report to their superiors anything that occurs in their district, and
the superiors pass it on to the Iking; and in this way, through this chain
of cotrxnd, the king learns about    rything ti   happens i ' is kingdom


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