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Almada, André Alvares d', fl. 1594, et al. / Brief treatise on the rivers of Guinea
Part I (1984)

Chapter 2. Other customs of these Jalofos. [translated text],   pp. 18-25 and 26

Page 18

18. 9
Chapter 2
Other customs of these .TAlofos
1,   ,   Returning to the Kingdom of the Jalofos, this kingdom of Budumel
for so it is called, from the name of the king who gained it - this
kingdom is the largest on the coast, the most powerful in terms of
people and the most extensive in terms of lands ruled over. And yet,
4espite its might, it has been sometimes conquered by neighbouring Icings.
2.       The land is the most healthy in all Guinea. Very pleasant breezes
blow there. It has excellent provisions. It has large numbers of hens,
cows, goats, hares, rabbits, gazelles and certain other large
resembling deer - except that they lack the branching horns which deer
have -, elephants, leopards, wolves, lions, and mnny other          itimals.
has many guinea-fowl and other birds like partridges called chocas. In
the rivers live herons, pelicans, ducks, teal, and other water-birds.
The staple foodstuffs are rice, milho macaroca, another grain called
'white milho', and sesame - from which an oil is made. Also there is
much butter and milk, and much honey, which is taken from holes in trees.
3.       In all this coastal regi'n, this land of the Jalofos, and as far
Wnland as the land) of the iandingas, fine cotton cloth is available in
large quantities, in the form of black and white cloth and many other
valuablo kinds of cloth. The dyes used are so fine that they dazzle
those who see them; and they are sent to other rivers where there are
none.  The dyestuff used to colour the cloth is the same as that from
which true indigo dye is made in our East Indies, but these blacks
prepare it a different way, and not in the form of tablets.  They gather
the leaves from the bushes, which are low, standing four or five hand-
spans high. The leaves must be gathered before the bushes produce their
seeds, which appear in little berries. l'aving gathered the leaves, the
blacks crush them very thoroughly, and from the crushed leaves make little
bills, the size of the shot for a swivel-gun. They must take care not to


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