CHRONOLOGY OF WISCONSIN, from the earliest
times down to the adoption of the State Constitution, in 1848. By I.
- 1639. Nicolet explored the country as far as the Wisconsin river.
- 1654. Fur traders occupied the country as far as Green Bay.
- 1660. Rene Menard penetrated to Chegoimegon Bay,
- 1661. Menard crossed the country from Lake Superior
to Black River Falls. The French Minister officially permits the sale of brandy to
- 1665. Claude Allouez established a mission at
La Pointe, Lake Superior.
- 1667. Louis Nicholas joined Allouez
at La Pointe.
- 1669. Allouez established a mission at Des Peres,
- 1670, May 20. Allouez went down the Wisconsin
nearly to its mouth.
- 1671. The French took formal possession of the North West.
- 1673, June 17. Marquette discovered the Mississippi
- 1674. Marquette coasted Lake Michigan from Green
Bay by Milwaukee to Chicago.
- 1676. Allouez voyaged over the same route.
- 1679. The first-sail craft (the Griffin) arrived at Green
Bay and was lost on the return voyage.
- 1679. La Salle coasted Lake Michigan from Green
Bay to St. Joseph's.
- 1679. Capt. DeLut negotiated a peace with the
Indiana of Lake Superior.
- 1680. Tonti established a military station at
- 1681. Marquette's Journal and map published in
- 1683. La Sueur went down the Wisconsin to the
- 1685. Durantaye erected a fort at Checagua.
- 1688. La Montan explored the country.
- 1688. Fort St. Nicholas built at the mouth of the Wisconsin.
- 1688. Parrot established a trading post on Lake
- 1688. Fort St. Antoine built at mouth of the Chippewa river.
- 1688. Fort Beauharnois built on the north side of Lake Pepin.
- 1695. Le Sueur built a fort on an island in the
Mississippi below the St. Croix.
- 1699. John Buisson de St. Comes coasted Lake
Michigan, stopping at "Melwarik," November 10th.
- 1700. Le Sueur's voyage up the Mississippi in
search of copper ore.
- 1714. Le Louvigny's battle with the Fox Indians
at Butte des Morts.
- 1719. Francis Renalt with 200 miners explore
- 1721. P. De Charlevoix travelled in Wisconsin.
- 1726. A French fort established at Green Bay.
- 1726. Prairie du Chien first settled.
- 1726, June 7. M. DeLignery concluded a treaty
of peace with the Indians at Green Bay.
- 1727. The French established a fort on Lake Pepin, commanded by Sieur
- 1728. Great flood in the Mississippi. Fort Beauhairnois submerged.
- 1728. French expedition under DeLignery from
Green Bay, against the Fox Indians.
- 1734. Battle between the French and the Sauk and Fox Indians.
- 1747, Oct. 1. Capt. DeVorcheres takes command
at Green Bay.
- 1754. Sieur Martin in command at Green
Bay, secures peace with the Indians.
- 1755. A French fort established at Prairie du Chien.
- 1760, Oct. 12. Capt. Balfour and Lieut. Gorrell,
with English troops took possession of Green Bay.
- 1762, August 21. Indians sent from Milwaukee to
Green Bay to complain of dishonest traders.
- 1763. The English, under Lt. Gorrell abandon
- 1763, Feb. 10. Treaty of Paris. All New France surrendered to the English.
- 1763. The Pontiac Conspiracy.
- 1764. Green Bay re-occupied by the English, under
- 1764. Louisiana ceded to Spain by the French.
- 1766. Laws of Canada extended over the North-West.
- 1766-68. Jonathan Carver travelled through the country.
- 1767. Indian grant of land to Carver.
- 1774. North-West Fur Company organized.
- 1774. Civil government established in the North-West by the "Quebec
- 1777. Indians from Wisconsin joined the British against the Americans.
- 1780. Lt. Gov. Patrick St. Clair of Canada purchased
Green Bay, Prairie du Chien,
&c. of the Indians.
- 1785, April. A great flood in the Mississippi river.
- 1786. Julian Dubuque explored the lead region
of the Upper Mississippi.
- 1787, July 13. Ordinance of Congress for government of North-West Territory.
- 1788, Sept. 22. Indian council at Green Bay. Permission
to work lead mines given to Dubuque.
- 1796, July 1. Green Bay, Prairie
du Chien &c., surrendered by the English to the United States.
- 1796. Lands of North-West Territory extended over the country.
- 1800, July 4. Indian Territory organized, including Wisconsin.
- 1800, Oct. 1. Louisiana ceded to France by Spain.
- 1803. Antoine Barth settled at the portage of
the Fox and Wisconsin rivers.
- 1803, April 30. Louisiana ceded to the United States by France.
- 1804, Nov. 3. Indian treaty at St. Louis, southern
- 1805, Jan. 11. Michigan Territory organized.
- 1805. Lieut. Pike ascended the Mississippi river.
- 1809. Thomas Nuttall the botanist explored Wisconsin.
- 1809. Illinois Territory organized, including Wisconsin.
- 1809. First saw-mill built near Green Bay.
- 1812. Indians assembled at Green Bay to join the
- 1814. Gov. Clark took possession of Prairie
- 1814, July 17. Prairie du Chien surrendered to
- 1815. American Fur Company began to establish trading posts.
- 1815. United States trading post established at Green
- 1816, May 18. Indian treaty confirming that of 1804.
- 1816, June 21. United States troops took possession of Prairie
- 1816, July 16. Col. Miller commenced the erection
of Fort Howard at Green Bay.
- 1816, Aug. 24. Indian treaty--lands relinquished to Indians, &c.
- 1816. Jaques Vieux settled at Milwaukee.
- 1817, March 30. Indian treaty at St. Louis.
- 1817. Maj. S. H. Long ascended the Mississippi,
- 1818, April 18. State of Illinois organized. Wisconsin attached to Michigan.
- 1818, Sept, 14. Solomon Juneau built his cabin
and trading post at Milwaukee.
- 1818. A saw mill built four miles above Prairie du Chien.
- 1818, Oct. 36. Brown and Crawford counties organized, including the whole
- 1819. A saw-mill erected at Black River Falls,
by C. A. Andrews.
- 1819. Fort Snelling built and occupied.
- 1820. U. S. Commissioners adjusted Land claims at Green
- 1821. Oneida and Stockbridge Indians settled near Green
- 1821. First post office established at Green Bay.
- 1821. Fort Crawford built at Prairie du Chien.
- 1823. The New York Indians purchase lands east of Lake Winnebago.
- 1822. James Johnson obtained from the Indians
the right to dig for lead by negro slaves from Kentucky.
- 1823, January. Wisconsin made a separate Judicial District by Congress.
- 1823. First government leases to lead miners.
- 1823. Land claims at Prairie du Chien adjusted
by the government.
- 1823. Maj. S. H. Long's expedition to the Upper
- 1823. First steamboat on the Upper Mississippi, with Maj. Taliafero
and Count Beltrami.
- 1823. Lieut. Bayfield of the British navy, made
a survey of Lake Superior.
- 1823. An Episcopal Mission established near Green Bay.
- 1824. James D. Doty appointed Judge by President
Monroe--held the office nine years.
- 1824, July 12. First court held in Brown County.
- 1824, Oct. 4. First term of U. S. Circuit Court held at Green
- 1825, Aug. 1st. and 19th. Indian Treaties at Prairie
- 1825. The Carver grant of land rejected by Congress.
- 1826. First steam boat on Lake Michigan.
- 1826. Indian Treaty at St. Louis.
- 1826. Great flood in the Mississippi; 26 feet above low water at Prairie
- 1827. A rush of speculators to the lead mines.
- 1827. Difficulties with the Indians. Troops sent to settle them.
- 1827, Aug. 11. Treaty with the Menomonee Indians at Butte
- 1828. Fort Winnebago built at "the portage."
- 1828. Indian treaty at Green Bay; the lead region
- 1828. Lead ore discovered at Mineral Point and Dodgeville.
- 1829, July 29. Winnebago treaty at Prairie du Chien.
- 1829. A Methodist Mission established at Green Bay.
- 1830. A Methodist Mission established at La Pointe.
- 1830, May. The Sioux killed 17 Sauks and Foxes near Prairie
- 1831, Feb. 8. Menomonee treaty, at Washington.
- 1831. Public lands in the lead region surveyed by Lucius
Lyon and others.
- 1832, June 16. Battle with the Sauk Indians on the Pekatonica.
- 1832, July 21. Battle on the Wisconsin river.
- 1832, Aug. 2. Battle at mouth of the Bad Axe; Black
- 1832. First arrival of a steam boat at Chicago.
- 1832. Schoolcraft discovered the true source of the Mississippi.
- 1832, Sept. 15. Winnebago treaty at Fort Armstrong.
- 1832, Oct. 27. Treaty with the Menomonees.
- 1832. High water in the Mississippi.
- 1833. A Methodist Mission established at Ottawa Lake, (Chippewa river.)
- 1833, Sept. 16. Indian treaty at Chicago. Lands
south and west of Milwaukee ceded to the government.
- 1833, Dec 11. First newspaper (Green Bay Intelligencer,) published.
- 1834. Public Lands near Green Bay surveyed by
A. G. Ellis.
- 1834. Land offices established at Mineral Point
and Green Bay.
- 1834. Population by census taken, 4795.
- 1835. First settlement at Milwaukee, Samuel
Brown and family.
- 1835. Geo. W. Jones elected delegate to Congress.
- 1835. J. N. Nicollett commenced scientific exploration.
- 1835. Public lands at Milwaukee surveyed by Wm.
- 1836, Jan. 9. The Legislative Council of Michigan, met at Green
- 1836, April 30. Henry Dodge appointed governor
by President Andrew Jackson.
- 1836, July 4. Territory of Wisconsin organized.
- 1836, July 14. Milwaukee Advertiser published at 871 Third St.
- 1836, Sept. 3. Treaty with the Menomonees at Green Bay.
- 1836, Oct. 10. George W. Jones elected Delegate
- 1836, Oct. 25. First Legislature of Wisconsin convened at Belmont,
- 1836, Dec. 3. Seat of government established at Madison.
- 1836. First school opened in Milwaukee (at No.
371 Third St.)
- 1836. U. States land office opened at Milwaukee.
- 1837, Jan. 26. Michigan admitted as a state.
- 1837, July 20. Chippewa treaty, at Fort Snelling.
- 1837, Sept. 29. Sioux treaty; lands east of the Mississippi ceded.
- 1837, Nov. 1. Winnebago treaty; lands ceded.
- 1837, Nov. 6. Legislature met at Burlington, Iowa.
- 1838, June 11. Special session of the Legislature at Burlington,
- 1838, Sept. 10. James D. Doty elected delegate
- 1838, Nov. 26. First session of the Legislature at Madison.
- 1839, Jan. 21. Legislative session. Statutes enacted.
- 1839. Indian (Sioux and Chippewa) battle; 200 killed.
- 1839, Sept. James D. Doty re-elected to Congress.
- 1839, Dec. 6. Legislative session commenced.
- 1840, Aug. 3. Extra session of the Legislature.
- 1840, Dec. 7. Legislative session.
- 1841, Sept. 27. Henry Dodge elected delegate
- 1841, Sept. 30. James Duane Doty appointed Governor
by President John Tyler.
- 1841, Dec. 6. Legislature met.
- 1842, Oct. 4. Chippewa treaty at La Pointe; lands
- 1842, Dec. 6. Legislative session commenced.
- 1843, Sept. 25. Henry Dodge re-elected delegate
- 1844, June 21. Nathaniel P. Tallmadge appointed
governor by President John Tyler.
- 1845, Jan. 6. Legislative session commenced.
- 1845, April 8. Henry Dodge appointed governor
by President James K. Polk.
- 1845, Sept. 22. Morgan L. Martin elected delegate
- 1846, Jan. 5. The Legislature met.
- 1846, April. A vote of the people in favor of a state government.
- 1846, Aug. 6. Act of Congress authorizing a state government.
- 1846, Dec. 16. A state constitution adopted in convention.
- 1847, Jan. 4. The Legislature met.
- 1847, April. The proposed state constitution rejected by vote of the people.
- 1847, Sept. 27. John H. Tweedy elected delegate
- 1847, Oct. 18. Special session of the Legislature.
- 1848, Feb. 7. Sixteenth (and last) session of the Territorial Legislature.
- 1848, March 13. The State constitution adopted by a vote of the people, and
WISCONSIN became one of the states of the American Union, being
the 17th admitted, and the 30th in the list of states.