University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The University of Wisconsin Collection

 

Electronic Facsimile Help

This help file contains the following topics:


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About the electronic-facsimile database model

The electronic facsimile database model allows you to experience digital books, letters, journals, and analogous text-based materials similar to the way you would use the original resources.

Typically, text-based materials are scanned cover to cover (including blank pages) and the text on every page is processed using Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. This enables you to perform a full-text search -- a search that includes all of the text that appears within the covers of the text-based resource. Additionally, basic descriptive information about the title, author, publisher, chapter-level headings, etc. is keyword searchable.

Texts that are handwritten, or that contain non-standard characters, cannot be processed using OCR software. However, the title, author, publisher, chapter-level headings, etc. remain keyword searchable.


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"Pageturner texts" vs. "Electronic texts"

This database model also brings together in the online display two types of marked-up texts. The first, called "pageturner text" is described in the second paragraph of the section above. Additionally, this database model displays our "electronic texts." Electronic texts are hand-coded TEI documents. There are many similarities between the two types of text and you may not notice that you have jumped from one type of text to another as your are using the database. The main difference to note, however, is that a "Pageturner text" is comprised of scanned page images and related OCR'd text (for full-text searching). An "Electronic text" is a textual representative of the original document. If illustrations appear in the original document, these are reproduced and appear in their appropriate location within the text.


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Browse

Browsing the collection allows you to view the resources in a collection grouped by the following:

An alphabetical list of all subject-related materials in the collection.
(e.g., selecting the "World War II" subcollection will provide a list of all World War II resources in the History Collection )
An alphabetical list of all journals in a collection
(listed by authorized heading)
An alphabetical list of all non-journal titles in a collection
(e.g., monographs, letters, etc.)
An alphabetical list, by last name, of all authors in a collection

Please note that not all titles will be available from every list. For example, not all titles have an author, so some titles will not appear in the "Author" list.


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Search

There are three main search options in the electronic-facsimile database. On the main search page, you can perform a full-text phrase search that limits by:

Subcollections
An alphabetical list of all subject-related materials in the collection.
(e.g., selecting the "World War II" subcollection will allow you yo search all World War II resources in the History Collection )
Journals/Series
An alphabetical list of all journals in a collection
(listed by authorized heading)
Other titles
An alphabetical list of all non-journal titles in a collection
(e.g., monographs, letters, etc.)

Phrase Search

Phrase search

A phrase search allows you to search for single words or phrases that appear in the text. You cannot combine search terms with Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) in a phrase search.

To perform a Boolean search, choose this option from the search options at the top of the Search page.

Search Options
Other search options

On the main Search page, you are provided the additional search limit:

Search "Entire work," "Titles," "Authors," and "Illustrations."

Entire work
Phrase search all available text within the resource.
Titles
Phrase search of the Title field.
Authors
Phrase search of the Author field. (search by last name, first name)
Illustrations
Phrase search of Illustration captions.

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Boolean Search

To reach the Boolean search screen, select the "Boolean Search" link, from the Search or Proximity search page. The Boolean search allows you to perform specific searches using the Boolean operators AND, OR, or NOT.

How to use the Boolean operators AND, OR, or NOT
Boolean operator
Keyword(s) Used
Will retrieve the following
AND
dance and voice All records containing BOTH terms
OR
dance or voice All records containing EITHER term (this includes records that have both terms)
NOT
(Zuni or Oneida) not voice All records containing either "Zuni" OR "Oneida" AND NO records that contain "voice"
AND and OR Combined
(Zuni or Oneida) and voice All records containing either "Zuni" OR "Oneida" AND that also contain "voice"

Please note that "NOT" is a very powerful operator. If you perform the search "(Zuni or Oneida) not voice" you will exclude every record that has the term 'voice' in it, even if it has 'Zuni' and/or 'Oneida.' This may eliminate records that could be useful to you.

You may choose to search the entire text of the work or to search only the "section titles." "Section titles" are often things like chapter headings or journal articles, depending on the collection. In some cases, due to OCR limitations discussed above, this will be the only searchable text available to you.

Applying search limits
Paragraph or Page
When "Page or paragraph" is selected as the search region, terms will be matched within the same page of Electronic facsimiles, or within the same paragraph of Electronic texts.
Section
When "Section" is selected as the search region, terms will be matched within an intellectual division of the work, such as a chapter, a preface, or an index.
Entire work
When "Entire work" is selected, terms will be matched within an entire work.

Boolean search

If your search result set is larger than 100 records, you may choose to limit viewing to first 100 records, a sample of any 100 records matching your search, or all records matching your search.


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Proximity Search

To reach the Proximity search screen, select the "Proximity Search" link on the Search or Boolean search pages. The Proximity search option allows you to search by specifiying the distance between multiple terms in one record.

To perform a Proximity search:

Near
Terms A and B appear next to one another (order does not matter).
Followed by
Term A is directly followed by Term B
Not near
Terms A and B do not appear directly next to one another
Not followed by
Term A is not followed by Term B

Proximity search



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Search Results

The "Search Results" page will display one to one hundred matches out of the total number of matches found. To view all the matches found from your search, you will need to select the link at the top of the page that will direct you to the next page of matches.

If your search returns no matches, an error message will appear on the "Search Results" page. The error message will tell you that you returned "0" matches and ask you to modify your search. The "modify search" button will take you to the Boolean search page to allow you to further specify your search. The error message will also provide you with several hints for improving upon your original search such as "check your spelling," "further specify the scope of your search," etc.

Search Results

When you conduct a search in a pageturner collection, you will receive one of four kinds of results lists. If you have chosen to search "titles," you should receive a list like the one below, where your search term, "furniture," is highlighted within the title.

search results

If you choose to search "Entire work," you will receive a list like the one below, where the page(s) on which your search term(s) can be found are shown in a hierarchical/nested way. This way you can see the context for your result. Search terms, in this case "boat," will also be highlighted.

Nested results

If you choose to search for "Authors" (select "Authors" from the dropdown menu and type the author's name in the text box), your search will return a list of all specified authors in the collection in which you are searching.

Search results - Authors

Finally, if you choose to search on "Illustrations" (select "Illustrations" from the dropdown menu and type a keyword into the text box), your search will return a list of images/links containing the keyword you specified (i.e. a search in the Digital Library of Decorative Arts for illustrations of "tables" (keyword), would return a hyperlinked textual list of images from various volumes in the collection containing "tables."


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Truncation (*)

In order to increase the number of results you get, you can use the truncation symbol "*". This works on all search pages. It will retrieve all variants of the root term to which it is attached. For example, searching for archit* will retrieve architecture, architectural, architect, architrave, etc. This only works at the end of a search term (i.e., you can't use wom*n to retrieve woman and women).


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Display

Page Text (OCR)

Once you click on a page link, you will get an image of the page and, if the page has been OCR'd, a link to view the actual page text.

display page text

If you want to find exactly where in the page your search term occurs, view the page text by clicking "Display page text" and then from your browser select "Edit > Find in page" or "Ctrl-F." A search box will appear into which you can type your search term and when found your term will be highlighted.

text search

Page text and page image for printing

Options for viewing page text, various image sizes, and page images for printing will be found in the left navigation bar. See example below.

navigation bar Display page text (OCR)

You can view just the page text by clicking on "Display page text" if that option is available.

Display page image for printing

To display just the page image for printing, click on "Display image for printing" in the left navigation bar. From here you can use your browser's print function to print the image.

Page image sizes

To see a smaller or larger page image use the icons in the left navigation bar.


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Table of Contents

Once you have selected an item from the browse list you will see a table of contents for that item. In the Efacsimile, the table of contents page is actually an electronic version of the table of contents. By clicking on the link you are able to go straight to the particular section of the efacsimile that you wish to view. The table of contents is also one of three pages that will allow you to visit the gallery of images.

navigation


Navigation

When possible, use the navigation provided in the pageturner interface rather than the 'back' and 'forward' buttons in your browser window.

navigation

You can choose to see the table of contents for the item by clicking on "Contents." Jump to the next or previous section (as defined in the table of contents) by clicking on the buttons near "Section." Jump to the next or previous page by clicking on the buttons near "Page." If you already know the page number you want, enter it in the "Go to page" box.

page navigation

You can also jump to the first page in a section by clicking on the double arrow.


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